Cercocarpus ledifolius (Curl-leaf mountain mahogany)

Long-lived evergreen tree or shrub 3-35 ft. tall with whitish-yellow flower tubes and seeds with a long twisted hairy tail, blooming March to October. Adapted to a wide range of shallow to deep well-drained, nutrient-poor soils on dry rocky mountain slopes and ridges; 1,000 to 11,000 ft. elevation. Shallow but wide root system; able to fix nitrogen. Component of sagebrush, pinyon-juniper, mountain brush, quaking aspen and fir-spruce communities. Fire intolerant but may root sprout weakly after low-severity wildfire. Highly preferred forage for numerous large wild ungulates especially deer and elk; also used by moose, bighorn sheep and pronghorn. Numerous small mammals and birds use for nesting, cover and seeds. Caterpillar host of the native moth Stamnodes animata.

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Family: Rosaceae

Duration: Perennial

Growth Habit: Shrub/Tree

Native Status: Native

Growth Form: 

Mature Height: 8-15 ft.

Bloom Color: Inconspicuous

Fruit/Seed Color: Brown

Bloom Period: 

Annual Precipitation:  in.

Drought Tolerance: High

Shade Tolerance:

Elevation:  ft.

Wetland Indicator Status:

Fire Resistance:

Fire Tolerance:

Nitrogen fixation:


Coarse Texture: Yes

Medium Texture: Yes

Fine Texture: No

Salinity Tolerance: Unknown

CaCO3 Tolerance:

pH Range: 6.0-9.0


Seeds per Pound:

Seeding Rate:  PLS lbs/acre

Season: Fall

Days to Germination: