Deschampsia cespitosa (Tufted hairgrass)

Cool season, densely tufted, perennial bunchgrass. One of the most widely distributed grasses on earth and a larval food plant for several butterflies and host for numerous insects. Adapted to soil textures from fine to coarse and soil pH as low as 3.5. Useful for acidic soil reclamation where precipitation is adequate. Low salinity tolerance. Most common on moist sites from sea level up to 14,000 ft. elevation, but may occur on drier sites at its upper limit. Palatable to both livestock and wildlife. Use in woodlands, seasonally wet meadows and for stabilizing disturbed riparian sites. Varieties listed below.


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Family: Poaceae

Duration: Perennial

Growth Habit: Graminoid

Native Status: Native

Season: Cool season


Growth Form: Bunchgrass

Mature Height: 12-24 in.

Annual Precipitation: 14+ in.

Drought Tolerance: Low

Shade Tolerance: Intolerant

Elevation: 5,000-13,000 ft.

Wetland Indicator Status: FACW

Fire Resistance: No

Fire Tolerance:


Coarse Texture: Yes

Medium Texture: Yes

Fine Texture: Yes

Salinity Tolerance: Low

CaCO3 Tolerance: Low

pH Range: 4.8-7.2


Seeds per Pound: 1,300,000

Seeding Rate: 1-2 PLS lbs/acre

Season: Fall

Days to Germination:


Nortran - Cold tolerant and well adapted to northern latitudes, including Alaska and Canada. Also used in lower latitudes of the species range. Excellent for low maintenance groundcover. (Released 1986, origin: Iceland & various sites in AK)