Phalaris arundinacea (Reed canarygrass)

Large and robust, cool season, perennial rhizomatous sod-former. Adapted to poorly drained wetland areas; long-lived. Prodigious forage producer, medium palatability when actively growing, otherwise only poor to fair. Provides cover for wetland wildlife species. Competitive and aggressive on adapted sites. Useful for revegetating riparian areas. Though native, it should be planted with some caution in pastures and wet sites due to its extreme aggressiveness.

DISTRIBUTION / ADAPTATION

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INFORMATION & ATTRIBUTES

Family: Poaceae

Duration: Perennial, long-lived

Growth Habit: Graminoid

Native Status: Native/Introduced

Season: Cool

Growth Form: Bunchgrass

Mature Height: 60 in.

Annual Precipitation: 30-65 in.

Drought Tolerance: Low

Shade Tolerance: Intolerant

Elevation:

Wetland Indicator Status: FACW

Fire Resistance: No

Fire Tolerance: High

SOIL ADAPTATION

Coarse Texture: No

Medium Texture: Yes

Fine Texture: Yes

Salinity Tolerance: Medium

CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium

pH Range: 5.5-8.0


SEEDING NOTES

Seeds per Pound: 537,900

Seeding Rate: 2-4 PLS lbs/acre

Season: Spring/Fall

Days to Germination:


VARIETIES & LOCAL ACCESSIONS

Palaton - The most palatable of all reed canarygrass varieties. Palaton is also superior to other varieties in seed yield and seed holding capacity. Excellent winter hardiness, disease resistance and vigor. (Released 1985)