Phalaris arundinacea (Reed canarygrass)

Large, robust, cool season, long-lived srongly rhizomatous sod-former adapted to poorly drained, wetland areas. Prodigious forage producer, medium palatability when actively growing, otherwise only poor to fair. Important for providing cover for wetland wildlife species. Varietal releases intended for pasture and hay production are extremely competitive and aggressive on adapted sites, often choking out all other vegetation

native distribution

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INFORMATION & ATTRIBUTES

Family: Poaceae

Duration: Perennial, long-lived

Growth Habit: Graminoid

Native Status: Native/Introduced

Season: Cool

Growth Form: Bunchgrass

Mature Height: 60 in.

Annual Precipitation: 30-65 in.

Drought Tolerance: Low

Shade Tolerance: Intolerant

Elevation:

Wetland Indicator Status: FACW

Fire Resistance: No

Fire Tolerance: High

SOIL ADAPTATION

Coarse Texture: No

Medium Texture: Yes

Fine Texture: Yes

Salinity Tolerance: Medium

CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium

pH Range: 5.5-8.0


SEEDING NOTES

Seeds per Pound: 537,900

Seeding Rate: 2-4 PLS lbs/acre

Season: Spring/Fall

Days to Germination:


VARIETIES & LOCAL ACCESSIONS

Palaton - The most palatable of all reed canarygrass varieties. Palaton is also superior to other varieties in seed yield and seed holding capacity. Excellent winter hardiness, disease resistance and vigor. (Released 1985, source of ecotype: eight clone synthetic variety from throughout North America)