Phleum pratense (Timothy)

Cool season, short-lived, perennial bunchgrass adapted to deep, moderately moist sites. Shallow, fibrous root system prefers fine textured soils. Very winter hardy; not tolerant of alkaline conditions. Commonly used as irrigated pasture, silage or hay. Palatable and nutritious to wildlife and livestock; hay is considered to be premium horse feed. Excellent companion grass for planting with forage legumes as it is one of the grasses least competitive with legumes, especially Alfalfa (Medicago sativa), Birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus) or clovers. Varieties listed below.


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Family: Poaceae

Duration:Perennial, short-lived

Growth Habit: Graminoid

Native Status: Introduced

Season: Cool

Growth Form: Bunchgrass

Mature Height: 36 in.

Annual Precipitation: 30-65 in.

Drought Tolerance: Low

Shade Tolerance: Intermediate


Wetland Indicator Status: FACU

Fire Resistance: No

Fire Tolerance: Medium


Coarse Texture: No

Medium Texture: Yes

Fine Texture: Yes

Salinity Tolerance: Low

CaCO3 Tolerance: High

pH Range: 5.0-7.8


Seeds per Pound: 1,116,320

Seeding Rate: 1-2 PLS lbs/acre

Season: Spring/Fall

Days to Germination:


Climax - Tall, fine-stemmed leafy variety. Rust resistant. Matures 7-10 days later than common timothy. Excellent fall regrowth. (Released 1947)

Tuukka - Leafier and better seedling vigor when compared to other varieties. Quick regrowth after cutting or grazing, even after a second cutting.