Phleum pratense* (Timothy)

Cool season, short-lived perennial bunchgrass adapted to deep, moderately moist sites. Palatable and nutritious to wildlife and livestock, especially horses. Commonly used as pasture or hay. Excellent companion grass for planting with forage legumes. Shallow, fibrous root system prefers fine textured soils. Very winter hardy; not tolerant of alkaline conditions.

Area of adaptation

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INFORMATION & ATTRIBUTES

Family: Poaceae

Duration:Perennial, short-lived

Growth Habit: Graminoid

Native Status: Introduced

Season: Cool

Growth Form: Bunchgrass

Mature Height: 36 in.

Annual Precipitation: 30-65 in.

Drought Tolerance: Low

Shade Tolerance: Intermediate

Elevation:

Wetland Indicator Status: FACU

Fire Resistance: No

Fire Tolerance: Medium

SOIL ADAPTATION

Coarse Texture: No

Medium Texture: Yes

Fine Texture: Yes

Salinity Tolerance: Low

CaCO3 Tolerance: High

pH Range: 5.0-7.8


SEEDING NOTES

Seeds per Pound: 1,116,320

Seeding Rate: 1-2 PLS lbs/acre

Season: Spring/Fall

Days to Germination:


VARIETIES

Climax - Tall, fine-stemmed, leafy variety. Rust resistant. Matures 7-10 days later than common timothy. Excellent fall regrowth. (Released 1947)

Tuukka - Leafier and better seedling vigor when compared to other varieties. Quick regrowth after cutting or grazing, even after a second cutting. 


ADDITIONAL LINKS

USDA PLANTS Profile

USDA PLANTS Plant Guide

Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria