Rosa woodsii (Woods rose)

Deciduous thorned subshrub to shrub up to 10 ft. tall with fleshy red fruit hips and pink to deep rose colored flowers, blooming May to October. Adapted to a wide range of well drained soil textures and moisture conditions on slopes and meadows within shrub-steppe, pinyon-juniper woodlands, deciduous and conifer forests and also riparian and wetland communities; up to 11,500 ft. elevation. The most common native rose in western North America, but highly variable traits throughout its distribution. Aggressive pioneer strongly tolerant of disturbance and wildfire. Forms thickets by suckering and layering, when branches take root after soil contact. Provides nesting and escape cover for numerous birds and small mammals. Leaves are browsed by livestock and wild ungulates. Native hips are a premier natural source of vitamin C, feeding a diversity of birds and mammals, including deer, porcupine, beaver, coyote, bear and sharp-tailed grouse. Persistent hips are an especially important food source during snow cover. Pollinated by insects and native bees.


Rosa woodsii (Woods rose) map.png


Family: Rosaceae

Duration: Perennial

Growth Habit: Subshrub

Native Status: Native

Growth Form: Rhizomatous

Mature Height: 2-6 ft.

Bloom Color: Red

Fruit/Seed Color: Red

Bloom Period: Late spring

Annual Precipitation: 12-40 in.

Drought Tolerance: Medium

Shade Tolerance: Intermediate

Elevation: 3,500-9,000 ft.

Wetland Indicator Status: FACU

Fire Resistance: No

Fire Tolerance: High

Nitrogen Fixation: None


Coarse Texture: Yes

Medium Texture: Yes

Fine Texture: No

Salinity Tolerance: Low

CaCO3 Tolerance: Low

pH Range: 5.0-8.0


Seeds per Pound: 50,900

Seeding Rate: 0.5-1.0 PLS lbs/acre

Season: Fall

Days to Germination: