Sambucus nigra ssp. cerulea (Blue elderberry)

Formerly known as Sambucus cerulea. Deciduous shrub, 6 to 20 ft. tall occurring on moist soils along streams, canyon bottoms and hillsides from near sea level to 9,000 ft. elevation. Good palatability to livestock and wildlife, and berries are sought by birds, small mammals and humans.

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INFORMATION & ATTRIBUTES

Family: Caprifoliaceae

Duration: Perennial

Growth Habit: Shrub/tree

Native Status: Native

Growth Form: Multiple stem

Mature Height: 23 ft.

Bloom Color: White

Fruit/Seed Color: Black

Bloom Period: Spring

Annual Precipitation: 10-60 in.

Drought Tolerance: High

Shade Tolerance: Intermediate

Elevation: up to 9,000 ft.

Wetland Indicator Status

Fire Resistance: No

Fire Tolerance: Medium

Nitrogen Fixation: None

SOIL ADAPTATION

Coarse Texture: Yes

Medium Texture: Yes

Fine Texture: No

Salinity Tolerance: None

CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium

pH Range: 4.6-7.5


SEEDING NOTES

Seeds per Pound: 197,500

Seeding Rate:  PLS lbs/acre

Season: Fall

Days to Germination:


VARIETIES & LOCAL ACCESSIONS

None