Setaria italica (Foxtail millet)
Warm season, annual grass adapted to well drained soils in cool, semi-arid regions. Suitable for use at higher elevations. Shallow rooted and tolerant of highly saline soils. Primarily grown for single-cut hay and as a short-season emergency forage; palatable and nutritious. Excellent soil cover but may out-compete establishing perennials; can be used as a weed-suppressing smother crop. Seeds are a desired food for birds and small mammals. Varieties listed below.
DISTRIBUTION / ADAPTATION
INFORMATION & ATTRIBUTES
Growth Habit: Graminoid
Mature Height: 24in. - 60in.
Annual Precipitation: in.
Seeds per Pound:
Seeding Rate: PLS lbs/acre
Days to Germination:
Golden German - Late maturing; often seeded into wheat stubble for drought tolerant hay. Higher forage yields under irrigation than Siberian variety. Also use in warm season wildlife food plots for gamebirds, especially dove, quail and pheasant. (Released 1969)
Siberian - Short-statured and not a large forage yielder, but highly valued for its early maturity and hardiness. More drought tolerant than Golden German variety.