Shepherdia canadensis (Russett buffaloberry)

Deciduous thicket-forming shrub up to 13 ft. tall with bright red fruit and yellow-brown inconspicuous flowers, blooming May to September. Cold hardy, adapted to dry to moist rocky, sandy or gravelly, nutrient-poor soils on dry slopes, valley bottoms, open rocky woodlands, forests, shorelines and riparian areas; up to 11,000 ft. elevation. Sprouts from the root crown after disturbance and wildfire and some populations may be rhizomatous. Fixes nitrogen. Provides cover for numerous birds and small mammals. High protein browse but low palatability to livestock and wildlife. Fruit is important for bears as well as small mammals and birds. Pollinated by honeybees and numerous native bees.

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Family: Elaeagnaceae

Duration: Perennial

Growth Habit: Shrub

Native Status: Native

Growth Form: Multiple stem

Mature Height: 6.0 ft.

Bloom Color: Yellow

Fruit/Seed Color: Yellow

Bloom Period: Late spring

Annual Precipitation: 15-30 in.

Drought Tolerance: High

Shade Tolerance: Intermediate

Elevation:  ft.

Wetland Indicator Status: UPL

Fire Resistance: No

Fire Tolerance: Medium

Nitrogen Fixation: Medium


Coarse Texture: Yes

Medium Texture: yes

Fine Texture: No

Salinity Tolerance: Intermediate

CaCO3 Tolerance: High

pH Range: 5.3-8.0


Seeds per Pound: 57,500

Seeding Rate:  PLS lbs/acre

Season: Fall

Days to Germination: