Vicia americana (American vetch)

Native rhizomatous climbing perennial legume with purple flowers, blooming April to August. Very drought tolerant and widely adaptable, occurring in moist to dry soils of forest openings, meadows, shrublands and streambanks; up to 12,000 ft. elevation. Use for habitat restoration, mining reclamation, arid rangelands and roadsides. Increases following fire. Excellent palatability for all wildlife and ungulates. Important for native pollinators, including wild bees. Larval host of the Western blue tailed butterfly.

native distribution

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INFORMATION & ATTRIBUTES

Family: Fabaceae

Duration: Perennial

Growth Habit: Forb/herb/vine

Native Status: Native

Growth Form: Rhizomatous

Mature Height: 15 in.

Bloom Color: Purple

Bloom Period: Late spring

Annual Precipitation: 9-50 in.

Drought Tolerance: High

Shade Tolerance: Intolerant

Elevation:

Wetland Indicator Status:

Fire Resistance: No

Fire Tolerance: Medium

Nitrogen Fixation: Low

SOIL ADAPTATION

Coarse Texture: Yes

Medium Texture: Yes

Fine Texture: No

Salinity Tolerance: None

CaCO3 Tolerance: Low

pH Range: 5.9-7.2


SEEDING NOTES

Seeds per Pound: 32,800

Seeding Rate: 20-40 PLS lbs/acre

Season:

Days to Germination:


VARIETIES & LOCAL ACCESSIONS

None